Desórdenes en el espectro de la neuropatía auditiva (DENA)

Paula Viviana Pérez R, Ricardo Niño G, Luis Jorge Mejía Perdigón, Diego Rodríguez

Resumen


Desórdenes en el espectro de la neuropatía auditiva (DENA) es el término más aceptado en la actualidad para definir la antes llamada neuropatía auditiva o desincronía auditiva. Su prevalencia es difícil de estimar debido a sus múltiples etiologías (hiperbilirrubinemia, enfermedades infecciosas, neuropatías sensoriomotoras, hereditarias y/o isquémico-hipóxicas). Clínicamente se manifiesta con alteraciones auditivas y comunicativas variables, desde una discapacidad leve o sin ella, hasta la sordera funcional profunda, que puede ser fluctuante o permanente. En los métodos diagnósticos no se evidencian los potenciales auditivos del tallo cerebral o se notan marcadamente anormales, y hay presencia de emisiones otoacústicas o de microfónicos cocleares. Para el tratamiento inicial de los desórdenes en el espectro de la neuropatía auditiva se sugiere hacer amplificación con audífonos en los casos leves, reservando el implante coclear para los estados más severos. El objetivo del artículo es hacer una revisión de la literatura acerca de los desórdenes en el espectro de la neuropatía auditiva.


Palabras clave


neuropatía auditiva; potenciales evocados auditivos de tronco; emisiones otoacústicas; implante coclear.

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Referencias


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